EFAs were introduced as part of the 2013 greening reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Every farmer in the European Union who claims a direct payment from the CAP and has more than 15 hectares of arable land is obliged to have 5% of his arable land covered by EFAs to safeguard and improve biodiversity on farms.
However studies show that EFA measures have failed to protect biodiversity on farms, partly because of the use of pesticides in these areas. With this delegated act the European Commission wants to make things right and give EFA measures a chance to function as intended.
Intensive agriculture and continued abandonment of valuable farmland, directly and indirectly supported by different CAP measures, are driving climatic and environmental destruction, wiping out wildlife and harming public health. Over 250,000 Europeans participated in the European Commission’s public consultation calling for a radical reform of the CAP through the Living Land campaign.
Martin Hellicar, BirdLife Cyprus Director said: “Thanks to democratic safeguards, nature won the vote, despite general MEP apathy. Thanks goes to those sensible MEPs – including some from Cyprus – who voted against pesticides, but it is deeply disappointing to see so many MEPs voting in favour of pesticides in EFAs. This raises huge questions about the future process of CAP reform.”
For the press release in PDF format please click here.