Pafos-Polis motorway: Public Interest or Public Loss?

24 September 2019

Ezousa Valley is a unique Natura 2000 site and one of the most untouched valleys carved by rivers flowing from the Troodos mountain range. The valley is a harmonious mix of traditional rural landscape with grazed grasslands and wild scrublands.

Ezousa Valley, the birds that call it home and the unparalleled countryside surrounding it are being threatened, directly and permanently, by the construction of a new motorway linking Pafos to Polis Chrysochous. The motorway has been declared a ‘public interest’ project by the Council of Ministers and a state tender has been opened for its construction, with a deadline of 1 November 2019.

BirdLife Cyprus supports finding a solution to road safety problems, when this is in conjunction with the sustainable development of local communities and when laws pertaining to the protection of nature are taken into consideration. That is why BirdLife Cyprus opposes the construction of a new motorway and has launched a petition, demanding the upgrading of the existing Pafos-Polis Chrysochous road, and not the construction of a new motorway, a clear alternative that:

  1. DOES NOT put a protected area and the countryside at risk,
  2. DOES NOT burden the taxpayer with a waste of public money and
  3. Maintains the route through the communities, thus supporting local businesses in the long run.
The ecological impact of the new motorway

This 31-kilometer-long motorway, which will require at least five bridges and two tunnels, will dissect an untouched landscape of high ecological value, including the protected site of Ezousa Valley. Iconic bird species such as the Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata, the Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, the Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus, the European Roller Coracias garrulus, as well as the endemic species of Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca and Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax will suffer a major blow, mainly due to disturbance and loss of a significant habitat.

The problem with the procedure that was followed

The Ministerial Council decided on 15 March 2019 to declare the new Pafos-Polis Chrysochous motorway a “Public Interest” project ignoring:
  • Recently published opinions of the Department of Environment clearly concluding that the project will have significant negative and lasting effects on nature, which cannot be mitigated for.
  • The clear alternative of upgrading the existing road, which was not even considered, with ‘past political decisions’ the only pretext for ignoring this cheaper option.
  • The EU Directive governing Natura 2000 sites, which states that consideration of alternatives is a prerequisite before any project can be declared of Public Interest.
  • The Auditor General’s remarks that under the relevant law the new motorway is not economically viable as planned, as its cost is not justified by traffic in the area.
  • The enormous amount of € 70 million for the construction of just the first phase and half the motorway, which does not include the additional cost of land expropriation, and which is much higher than the cost of improving and upgrading the existing road.
  • The socio-economic impact of bypassing local communities and businesses currently on the existing route, an issue which has not been assessed.

BirdLife Cyprus believes that the Ministerial Decision on the Pafos-Polis motorway amounts to a deeply flawed excuse for putting an economically, socially and ecologically damaging “development” and interests above any real public good.

BirdLife Cyprus is urging the public to make their voices heard before it’s too late. Concerned citizens can express their opposition to the new motorway and demand the upgrading of the existing Pafos – Polis Chrysochous road by signing the online petition here.

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