Cyprus & birds
Cyprus & birds
Cyprus is a really important and special place for birds on a European and international level. The rich variety of habitats, from coastal areas to wetlands and mountain forests, ensures great variety in bird species all year round.
Cyprus has 34 areas identified as Important Bird Areas, covering wetlands, forest, scrub and farmland habitats both inland and in coastal areas and peninsulas, ranging from sea-level to the highest peaks of the Troodos range, at almost 2000 metres. Located on one of the major bird migration routes across the Mediterranean, Cyprus is a major staging post used twice a year as birds move between Africa and Europe.
Endemic birds of Cyprus
Cyprus hosts three endemic bird species that breed here and nowhere else in the world: the Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca, the Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax and the Cyprus Scops Owl Otus cyprius.
Endemic Bird Areas are the most important places for habitat-based conservation of birds. Being an island, the third largest island in the Mediterranean, Cyprus has a high degree of endemism of both flora and fauna, especially reptiles and birds. As a result, BirdLife International has identified Cyprus as a unique Endemic Bird Area (EBA) in Europe.
Cyprus Scops Owl
Cyprus Endemic Sub-species
In addition to the three species, there are three endemic subspecies mostly confined to the forests of the Troodos range: the Cyprus Jay Garrulus glandarius glaszneri, the Cyprus Coal Tit Parus ater cypriotes and the Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla dorotheae.
Although you can find these birds in other countries, those that are in Cyprus are slightly different from those on mainland Europe.