Birds A-Z

Eleonora’s Falcon

Falco eleonorae


Lars Lachmann, Xeno-canto


Key information: The Eleonora’s Falcon is an elegant falcon with long and pointed wings, a long tail and a slim body. There are two types of Eleonora’s Falcon: a dark brown morph and a lighter-coloured morph. Both morphs have distinctive dark brown wings. Unlike other birds, it breeds later in the summer, to take advantage of the passage of small migratory birds, which it catches in air to feed its chicks. When it is not feeding its chicks, it hunts big flying insects.

Length: 36 – 42 cm | Wingspan: 87 – 104 cm

Habitat: Coastal areas, mountains and forests, farmland, scrub and bushes

When they can be seen: Autumn, spring, summer

What they eat: Invertebrates, small birds

In Cyprus: Can be seen at areas with coastal cliffs where it nests, such as Akrotiri, Episkopi Cliffs, Paramali, Avdimou Bay and Cape Aspro

Status: Migrant breeder, passage migrant

Illustration by Paschalis Dougalis

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